Lip repositioning with crown lengthening & gingival depigmentation: a case report
Authors: Krishna Kumar Gupta 1* • Amitabh Srivastava 2 • Chetan Chandra 3 • Vivek Tripathi4
1-Professor, Sardar Patel Post Graduate Institute of Dental & Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India
2-Reader, Sardar Patel Post Graduate Institute of Dental & Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India
3-Senior lecturer, Sardar Patel Post Graduate Institute of Dental & Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India
4-Post graduate student-IIYr, Sardar Patel Post Graduate Institute of Dental & Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India
This clinical report describes the successful use of lip repositioning technique for the reduction of excessive gingival display. A 34-year-old female patient reported with a chief complaint of gummy smile. The lip repositioning technique was performed under local anesthesia with the main objective of reducing gummy smile by limiting the retraction of elevator muscles (e.g. zygomaticus minor, levator anguli, orbicularis oris and levator labii superioris). The technique is fulfilled by removing a strip of mucosa from the maxillary buccal vestibule, creating a partial-thickness flap between mucogingival junction and upper lip musculature, and suturing the lip mucosa with mucogingival junction, resulting in a narrow vestibule and restricted muscle pull, thereby reducing gingival display. A scalpel surgery was planned for depigmentation. The entire procedure was explained to the patient and written consent was obtained. A Bard Parker handle with a No.15 blade was used to remove the pigmented layer. When a crown lengthening procedure is planned to increase the length of the available tooth, the biological width needs to be considered and not encroached upon, as this may lead to periodontal breakdown.
Source: Journal of Periodontology & Implant Dentistry